Combined Heat and Power Plant “Dushanbe 2”

Total cost:
$ 349 mln
Chinese partner:

Exim Bank of China


Tajikistani partner:

Barqi Tojik

Ministry of Energy of Tajikistan

Construction start:
Putting into commission:

Partners summary

The Export - Import Bank of China is a state-owned policy bank with the status of an independent legal entity. Exim Bank plays a crucial role in promoting steady economic growth and structural adjustment, supporting foreign trade, and implementing the “going global” strategy. It is dedicated to supporting China’s foreign trade, investment and international economic cooperation. The Bank has been involved in various projects in Tajikistan, and in 2016 Tajikistan’s debt to the institution already amounted to 1 billion USD. [1]

TBEA, previously known as Tebian Electric Apparatus, is a Chinese manufacturer of power transformers and other electrical equipment, and a developer of transmission projects. The company actively practices the BRI strategy and is devoted to sharing the advanced electricity construction experience of China with the world. The company has provided green technology and smart environment-friendly, stable and efficient energy equipment to more than 60 countries, including the United States, Russia, Brazil, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan. 

Energy projects implemented by the Chinese company TBEA completed the creation of a unified energy system in Tajikistan. With the help of Chinese experts, three projects for the construction of high-voltage power lines were implemented, connecting the power systems of the central regions of Tajikistan with the north. TBEA built the South-North power transmission line (500 kV), Lolazor-Khatlon (220 kV) and Khujand-Aini (220 kV). [2]

Barqi Tojik  is a national integrated power company of Tajikistan. It operates a large majority of the electricity sector and the entire heat sector. The company produces most electricity and all heat, and operates as a TSO, DSO, dispatch centre and retailer. The company is financially and legally unbundled from the government, although it is fully state-owned.

Description of the project

In 2012, The Ministry of Energy of Tajikistan and Chinese TBEA signed an agreement to construct “Dushanbe-2” thermal power plant. [3] The construction was completed in two stages: the first stage (2012-2014) - installed capacity of 100 MW and the second stage (2014-2016) - installed an additional capacity of 300 MW. [4]

The total cost for the Dushanbe-2 plant is USD 349 mln, оf which USD 332 mln is from the Chinese Eximbank and USD 17.4 mln from the Tajik government’s largest energy holding company, Barki Tojik. [5] TBEA has received exclusive rights to operate two gold mines in Tajikistan until it can recoup its USD 332 mln investment. [6]

Dushanbe-2 is the largest thermal power plant in the country and the main consumer of domestic coal. It consumes about 45 per cent of the coal mined in the country. Operation of the power plant has led to a drastic increase of coal mining in Tajikistan. The total capacity of Dushanbe-2 TPP is 400 MW of electricity and 360 Gcal of heat. The CHP is able to generate up to 9 million kW/h of electricity, which provides more than 60% of the capital's needs and directly supplies heat to residential areas, schools and other municipal social institutions. [7]

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